Robotic Assisted Spine Surgery is a minimally invasive spine surgery where the surgeon is assisted by a robotic system (Da Vinci surgical system) to perform the surgery. Robotic systems are becoming increasingly popular in the medical fraternity owing to the unique advantages including the precision, safety and many other advantages. The da Vinci® robotic surgical system is one of the popular and widely employed robotic systems in the specialty of medicine and is used to perform various surgical procedures.
Conventional spine surgery uses a large incision and patients may experience complications such as pain, damage to the surrounding organs and nerves and long recovery period. In contrast, the da Vinci® robotic system is the most effective and least invasive technique which ensures faster recovery with minimal pain and minimal risks as compared with conventional spine surgery. Robotic spine surgery is indicated in patients suffering from chronic, debilitating back pain or restricted range of motion caused by spinal deformities and degenerative conditions.
The da Vinci® surgical system consists of a surgeon's console, a patient-side cart with four interactive robotic arms, a high-performance vision system (3D camera) and miniaturized EndoWrist surgical instruments.
Unlike the traditional surgery, this procedure is performed through small incisions. The surgeon sits on a console and controls the movement of the robotic arms holding the special surgical instruments. The movements of the surgeon’s hands are translated, by the robotic system, into precise movements of the miniaturized instrument that are held by the robotic arms. Moreover, this approach also provides the surgeon with 3D, magnified view of the operating area. The enhanced vision and superior control of the micro-instruments improves the precision of the surgery.
Being a minimally invasive approach, robot spine surgery offers the following benefits:
- Smaller incisions leading to reduced scarring and minimal blood loss
- Less post-operative pain
- Shorter hospital stay and recovery period
- Quicker return to daily normal activities
- Lower incidence of complications
The da Vinci® Robot System is considered safe and effective, but may not be appropriate for everyone. Always discuss with your doctor about all treatment options suitable for you, as well as the benefits and risks.